CAP negotiators reach provisional deal | Life on the farm
On June 28, EU agriculture ministers at the Agriculture and Fisheries Council meeting confirmed their approval of the agreed reform.
After the summer break, the agreement will be formally approved by the European Parliament. Green MPs said the deal did not go far enough to ensure environmental standards and that they would oppose it in the final plenary vote.
The interim agreement states that:
– Member States must reserve 25% of the first pillar (direct payments budget) for eco-schemes, with a minimum floor of 20% in 2023 and 2024. and 35% of second pillar funds for environmental expenditure.
– Introduction of a “social conditionality” mechanism that will link direct payments to farmers to respect for workers’ rights. The proposal is voluntary from 2023 and mandatory from 2025.
– Internal convergence: all direct payments per hectare within MS must reach a minimum level of 85 percent of the average value by 2026 at the latest.
– Redistributive payments: at least 10% of direct payments allocated as additional income support for small and medium-sized farms or instead implement a mechanism to gradually reduce payments to farmers above € 60,000 (up to ‘at 85%) and cap direct payments at € 100,000 (voluntary).
If the capping mechanism is introduced, companies can deduct 50 percent of agriculture-related wages, taxes and social contributions from the total amount before reduction.
– An agricultural reserve will be set up to finance market measures in times of crisis, with an annual budget of at least 450 million euros (in current prices).
– Young farmers: at least three percent confined under the first pillar dedicated to the investment of young farmers.
GAEC four – Establishment of buffer strips along watercourses with a minimum width of 3 m.
Glyphosate takes first step towards European license renewal
The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) received a draft assessment of glyphosate carried out by four EU Member States (France, Hungary, Sweden and the Netherlands ) which concludes that glyphosate “meets the criteria for approval for human health” and the re-approval “as an active substance for use in plant protection products”.
The assessment recommends more conservative reference values for use in human health risk assessments, and indicates that the available ecotoxicological information indicates that it should continue to be considered toxic to aquatic life with long term effects. . ECHA and EFSA will both organize public consultations on the draft report, which will be launched in September.
EFSA will conduct a peer review and ECHA’s risk assessment committee will review the safety classification of glyphosate by March 2022. The European Commission will then prepare a proposal on whether or not to renew the glyphosate. authorization which will be subject to the approval of the Member States.
Glyphosate is currently authorized for use in the EU until December 15, 2022.